A Brief History of Rug Weaving
Rug weaving is an art that has flourished over a number of cultures and throughout centuries. Carpet-weaving has been one of the most prized arts of the Middle and Far East for thousands of years. There are even several references to the art of weaving in ancient scriptures.
Rugs and carpets adorn homes and palaces throughout recorded history. King Solomon’s Temple regarded rugs as precious art, and rugs are mentioned throughout the Bible.
Evidences show that the flat weaving, like the Kelim was developed around 4,000 years ago in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. The pile rugs existed in the Middle East before 2,000 BC.
Although no one knows precisely when and where the technique of weaving first started, there is no doubt that the weaving art, in general, started in Central Asia.
It is also certain that Asia was the first continent to produce rugs and this art was created by the nomadic wanderers of this continent. The rearing of sheep, the prime source of carpet wool, is a traditional nomad occupation. The material most frequently used in making Oriental carpets is wool. Goat’s hair, camel’s hair, cotton and silk are also employed, though to not nearly the same extent.
Persia (Iran as its modern name), is one of the six great carpet-producing areas, the others being Turkey, the Caucasus, Turkistan, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and China. There are two main categories of Persian carpets: city rugs and tribal or village rugs.
In the East, Oriental Rugs are one of the most important elements in any room. In the rug weaving area, a wealthy family can afford the best rugs, but even the poorest family will have rugs on the floor. An Oriental rug in the East is the main furniture. It is a table to eat from, a bed to sleep on and a place to welcome guests.
There are two main types of weaving techniques in hand-made carpets. These are:
Turkish knot (symmetric)
Persian knot (asymmetric)
The Persian or Senneh knot is asymmetric and may be open to either the right or left. These four Persian knots are open to the right.
A rug should harmonize with a room’s decor and bring everything together. The most powerful decorative component in setting the mood of a room is colour. Therefore, the colour scheme you choose for your rug is very important. Choose a rug that will compliment existing wall colours, furniture, and window coverings. Also, remember that the colour of your existing floor must be taken into consideration since it is the closest to your rug. A nice and easy technique is to pick a rugs colour from one you’ve used on a wall or within a furnishing pattern.
Caring for Your Carpets
An Oriental rug is a purchase for a lifetime and when properly maintained, for generations. The information listed offers simple, basic advice for the protection and care of your investment.
The Wonders of Wool
Oriental rugs are generally made of wool and are easily and economically maintained. Rugs of wool are extremely durable and consistently out-perform other materials. Unlike other fibers, wool is much more resilient, cleans better and stays clean longer.
Our trusted professional Oriental rug cleaners will insure a skilled cleaning that brings out the richness of colour and softness of the wool. Depending on the amount of traffic, a professional washing is recommended every three to six years for the maintenance of your Oriental rug.
To insure even wear, your rug should be rotated once a year. Depending on the traffic, the rotation may vary from six months to two years.
Oriental rugs, like most carpeting, should be vacuumed on a regular basis to remove dirt and restore life to the fibers. Be sure not to vacuum the fringe.
In case of damage, just about any problem has a solution with a professional restoration. Old and antique rugs sometimes need to be rewoven where worn and restored to life. Newer rugs are rarely in need of repair. An experienced professional must always be consulted in these matters.
Blotting and Stain Removing
When spills occur, dilute with plenty of water. Next, blot from the edge of the spill towards the centre. Avoid rubbing the area. For solid spills, take a spoon and carefully scoop-up the material. It is always best to attack the spill immediately.